Finite and non-finite verbs

Finite and non-finite verbs
Личные и неличные формы глагола
1) Личные формы глагола (finite verbs).
Личные (или финитные) формы глагола - это такие формы, которые выражают лицо, число, наклонение, залог.

I am singing his favorite song. — Я пою его любимую песенку.

He has been told to get out of there. — Ему велели уйти оттуда.

Please, feel at home. — Пожалуйста, чувствуйте себя как дома.

2) Неличные формы глагола (non-finite verbs).
Неличные (нефинитные) формы глагола не выражают лица, числа, наклонения, залога. К неличным формам глагола относятся:
а) инфинитив (Infinitive)

I came here to speak to you. — Я пришел, чтобы поговорить с тобой.

б) причастия (Participle)

All his money having been spent, he finally returned home. — Когда у него кончились все деньги, он наконец вернулся домой.

в) герундий (Gerund)

‘Everything depends upon your being honest with me,’ she continued. — "Все зависит от того, будешь ли ты со мной честен", - продолжила она.

3) Термин ing-form является общим термином для герундия (Gerund) и причастий (Participle), образующихся с помощью окончания -ing.

English-Russian grammar dictionary. 2014.

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